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The Hydrino and Environmentalism


The Hydrino and Environmentalism

Brett Holverstott

Here are some questions I've been asked about hydrino catalysis.

1. What is the fuel?

Hydrogen is the fuel for hydrino catalysis. But where does the hydrogen come from?

Fossil fuels are a source of hydrogen for conventional combustion, because the energy it takes to electrolyze hydrogen and oxygen in water is equal to the energy you get from combusting it. However, hydrino catalysis is a much more powerful reaction that can easily recoup the energy cost of electrolyzing water.

The production of a H(1/4) hydrino releases about two hundred times the energy consumed by the electrolysis. Equivalently, the energy released by hydrino catalysis is two hundred times that of hydrogen oxygen combustion, which is often used in NASA rockets.

So we can easily obtain hydrogen from water, which permanently removes the hydrogen from the Earth's biosphere by catalyzing it into hydrino.

2. What is the byproduct?

Hydrino gas is the byproduct. This is an inert form of hydrogen gas. It is non-combustible, and has an extremely high binding energy.

If this gas were to be released in the atmosphere, it would not react chemically or produce any biological side effects. And it is very light, so it will (like helium) rise immediately to the upper atmosphere.

Gas below a certain molecular weight is susceptible to "atmospheric escape" when it is thermally excited in the Earth's upper atmosphere, so Earth cannot retain hydrogen or helium gas.

If hydrino gas is captured, it could be used as a non-combustible gas that could be a general replacement for helium (blimps, balloons, etc). Hydrino is also able to form hydrides under certain conditions, but hydrino chemistry is still in its infancy.

3. Can hydrino return to hydrogen by a natural process?

Because a hydrino cannot absorb or emit radiation, the only way to destroy a hydrino is during another act of hydrino catalysis. Hydrinos themselves may act as catalysts, and a reaction pathway may cause the hydrino to ionize, producing a free proton which can then form a conventional hydrogen atom.

Alternatively - hydrino (or rather, deuterino) molecules at least D2(1/15) are similar in size to muonic hydrogen, which is known to fuse. So hydrino may form conventional helium if catalyzed to a low enough state to allow fusion. 

4. Are there new environmental problems in the making?

Yes. At least including:

1) Salt disposal from seawater desalination.

2) Ultra-inert compounds from hydrino hydrides, which appear to form polymeric materials with unusual properties... i.e. plastics that will be very energy-intensive to destroy.

3) Permanent removal of water from the Earth's biosphere, if water is our primary hydrogen source, and if the use of hydrogen exceeds the natural accumulation of hydrogen by space-born gas and dust.

4) Waste heat in urban areas.

5. Is this acceptable?

We now face heavy metal contamination, global warming (and all the repercussions thereof), ocean acidification, damming of rivers, destruction of rainforests, smog, nuclear arsenals from enriched plutonium, carbon monoxide poisoning in developing countries, general environmental destruction due to low access to affordable energy infrastructure, destruction of habitat, destruction of the landscape due to mining, fracking, oil spills, natural gas explosions, and so on.

6. Do humans inherently degrade the environment?

I believe so. However, I believe it is possible to reduce the impact.

Over time, we are getting smarter about how we utilize resources and how we thrive in such a way that we can simultaneously restore the biosphere to a more natural state while increasing the capacity for human development.

We will always be competing at some level with nature for basic resources. Farming competes with land area otherwise occupied by the plants and animals. But advances in farming have historically reduced farmland necessary to grow food.

Hydrino catalysis is an energy source which does not compete with existing sources, it does not alter natural energy flows, and it results in a compound that is both lighter than air, and inert.

It is the ultimate source of energy.